Wednesday, December 24, 2014

War of 1812

Today is 24 Dec. 2014
200 years ago the Treaty of Ghent was signed by the Americans led by
John Q. Adams and a British Representative Henry Goulbourn in the city of  Ghent Belgium  on 24 December 1814
We shall hear the name Goulbourn over and over again in this blog.

To come in early 1815 will be the Battle of New Orleans.
Napoleon escapes from Elba in Feb. and returns to France and he meets his
Waterloo in June, then exiled to St Helena

To continue this blog I will enter names of soldiers who settled in Goulbourn Twp starting in the fall of 1818. Names will be entered in alpha
order, A - Jan 1815; B - Feb 1815, which will take up to Feb 1817. Some
soldiers did not stay too long and those who stayed will be noted in more
 Genealogical detail later, TBA.

Tuesday, December 16, 2014

War of 1812

16 Dec 2014

We are approaching the end of the War of 1812
Treaty of Ghent  24 Dec 1814.
Ref;  Canada's History, formerly  'The Beaver'
         Dec 14 - Jan 15, page 12
British and American delegates signed the Treaty of Ghent
on 24 December 1814. However, news of the treaty didn't
reach North America for several weeks, and hostilities continued
until early 1815. (See article for more info)

54  Number of days that elapsed between the signing the treaty on
24 Dec,1814 until its ratification by the United States on 16 Feb,1815

20,000  Approx, number of casualties suffered by the U.S., Britain,
and its Canadian and Aboriginal allies during the war.

11  Number of Articles in the Treaty of Ghent

4,000  Number of slaves who escaped to freedom during the war.

2  Number of commissioners, one American and one British, tasked
under the treaty to resolve land disputes and to determine the border
between the United States and Canada.

Sunday, November 30, 2014

War of 1812

War of 1812
30 Nov 2014
There is very little activity until the war is ended on 24 Dec 1814.
Then there is approximately a four year gap until some of the
soldiers who fought in the war started to settle in Goulbourn Twp
as part of the Richmond Military Settlement. During this 'gap'
period I will list those soldiers who eventually settled.
Those who stayed in the settlement will be listed last,
Civilian settlers will come later.

WW1. 1914 - 1918
Will continue with more data on next post as combatants are
getting ready. Its not a nice affair anyways

Friday, November 14, 2014

War of 1812

War of 1812
14 Nov 2014  40 days till Treaty of Ghent

This time of year is when the soldiers head for their winter quarters.
To come is the signing of the peace on 24 Dec 1814 at Ghent.
There will be a battle at New Orleans
The peace treaty will be ratified by the US in Feb 1815
Napoleon will escape from Elba and the 100 days war will start.

WW1    [Review]
28 July 1914.  British Navy ordered to War Bases
10 Aug 1914  Contract placed in Canada for the following;
                       Manufacture of 65,000 pair of boots;  35,000 Caps
                                          15,000 Great Coats;  40,000  Jackets;
                                           33,000 pairs of puttees;  150,000 pairs of Socks
16 Aug 1914  Four British infantry divisions and one cavalry division
                       land in France.
18 Aug 1914  Thousands of men begin arriving at Camp Valcartier
                       near Quebec City
25 Aug 1914  The city of Valenciennes, France falls to German forces
26 Sept 1914  Loading of men, equipment and horses begins at Quebec
3 Oct 1914      First contingent of CEF departs on 4,025 Km trip to England
                       and joins up with 538 soldiers from Nfld.
14 Oct 1914  Large convoy arrives at Plymouth and Devonshire, Eng.
16 Oct 1914  New Zealand expeditionary departs for France.
19 Oct 1914  First battle of Ypres begins.
5 Nov 1914   France and Great Britain declare war on Turkey.
                      Ref; to above, Legion Magazine Insert Nov/Dec 2014 issue


Monday, November 3, 2014

War of 1812

51 Days to go to 24 Dec 1814
War of 1812
The war is winding down in Canada but we will hear from Orleans and Waterloo in the near future.

The 100th will be renumbered the 99th in Feb 1816 but will be referred to, locally,
 as the 100th Reg't.

Oct-Nov 1914
First battle of Ypres
Germany fails to reach the English Channel.
"Two large armies are deadlocked along a 600 mile front. For four years there is little change and
the toll in human casualties grows. By 1917 every continent and all the oceans of the world
are involved.   Ref;

NOTE;    There is a very interesting insert in the Nov/Dec issue of the Legion Magazine.  The
8 page foldout lists a timeline of battles on one side and a map of Europe on the other side.
Also on both sides are little bits of info and so much that the whole of both sides is in English.

Saturday, October 18, 2014

War of 1812

18 October 2014

Battle of Cook's Mills,  18 & 19 Oct 1814.
Last Battle on Canadian soil in War of 1812

   Drummond sent about 750 men under Lt. Col. Christopher Meyers of the 100th Reg't
to protect Cook's Mills. Americans took Cook's Mills and burned about 200 bushels of wheat.
Americans withdrew back to Ft. Erie. They blew up the Fort on 5 Nov and retired to the
American shore.
  Thus ended the fighting along the Niagara. "The campaign represented strategic success.
The final American attempt to invade Canada had failed"  '1812'  by Jon Latimer, page 344

        As mentioned earlier the convoy carrying the Canadian Contingent was greeted by British
Lt. General EAH Alderson. "Weeks of foul weather turns the training area of Salisbury Plain
into a quagmire
1 Nov 1914
    HMS Good Hope and other ships are destroyed by Germany's Asiatic Squadron off
Coronel, Chile

'Everyone expected a short war but in a short time the slaughter was unexpected with
hundreds of thousands killed and maimed in the opening months.
Ref; WW1 Canada's Ultimate Story.  Canadian Legion Magazine.

As I write this post the War of 1812 is winding down and WW1 is cranking up.
These two historical events are nearly exactly 100 years apart! Year 2014  ??

Friday, October 10, 2014

War of 1812

10 October 2012

75 days to Treaty of Ghent,  24 Dec 1814

Publication; Colonel Christopher Myers  1774-1817
Published by Lanark Co. Archives, 2012,  Author Michael J. Jaques.
  This book covers his life and family and his military service during
the Napoleonic war, then his service in Canada during the War of 1812.
He served for a short time with the 100th/99th Regiment.
The block of land in Perth containing the courthouse was known as
Mount Myers.
It could be stated that this pub. is a family history of the Colonel and his family.
We will hear more about the Colonel after the War of 1812 is over, in this blog.

Returned from the Soo and our visit to Fort Mackinac. What a place, but it is now
mainly a tourist place. However I looked at its historical features. There are no
cars or such there. Only a couple of fire trucks in case of emergency.
Everywhere we went the trees were in colour, if you look past the evergreens.

Friday, September 26, 2014

War of 1812

26 Sept 2014

88 days to the Treaty of Ghent 24 Dec 1814

Today I deviate from my normal posts. The War of 1812 and WW1 activities are a little slow. However the following could be of interest to all who are interested in Canadian History

200 years ago  War of 1812
Ref;  Legion Magazine  Sept/Oct 2014
"On This Date". September items are located on the Legion Website
14 Oct 1914.  The First Canadian Contingent arrives in a massive convoy at Plymouth
  and Devonport. They will soon be training on Salisbury Plain in a sea of mud.
NOTE. Legion Magazine will be selling in October a book entitled.
  "Canada and the Great War  The Battles".  It will be available in all bookstores.

Ref;  Canada's History [Formerly 'The Beaver']  Oct/Nov 2014
Special  Commemorative World War Issue
              The World Wars  How they changed everything
              TV Station TVO is commemorating a Remembrance month this November
                   A few are; Days of Remembrance, Sat 8 Nov - Tues 11 Nov.
                                     Starts with Churchill 11 Nov. at 9 PM.
I'm off on Sunday for a train ride in the Agawa Canyon and a visit to Fort Mackinac,
of War of 1812 fame

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

War of 1812

99 days to Treaty of Ghent

War of 1812
Ref; "And all their Glory Past"  by Donald Graves
 page 377 Weather at Ft. Erie 26 Jul to 21 Sept 1814.  Appendix G
 page 245  Map - The Sortie Fort Erie  17 Sept 1814
 page 241 - 261 Chapter 13, 28 Aug to 21 Sept 1814
17 Sept 1814 Americans stage a successful raid but unable to break the British
                      siege at Fort Erie - appendix F
US Casualties  Lost, 511 men; 79 Killed, 216 Wounded and 216 missing
British Casualties  Lost 579 men; 115 Killed; 148 Wounded and 316 missing [prisoners]
page 261  Sept 17-21. Heavy rains thru camp "a lake in the woods". British marched 4 miles
  north the evening of 21 Sept. to Frenchman's Creek. "bivouacked for the night
  under torrents of rain"

16 Sept 1914  Col. Sam Hughes approved the formation of the
  Canadian Aviation Corps.  [ RCAF formed 1 April 1924]

Monday, September 1, 2014

War of 1812 and WW1

1 Sept 2014

115 Days to Treaty of Ghent

Ref; 'And All Their Glory Past'  by Donald Graves
        Part 3; Deals with Battles at Washington and Lake Champlain
        Part 4; Chapter 12, Fort Erie 28 Aug to 21 Sept 1814
        Map  Washington area page 132
        Map  Lake Champlain  page 142
        Chapter 9; Plattsburg Campaign, 2-10 Sept
        Chapter 10; Battle of Plattsburg, 11 Sept. pg 177-203

Ref;  Legion Magazine, Jul/Aug 2014
       Page 22-30 Aug 2014. Centenary WW1
       'The World Goes Over The Edge'
         Events that led to the outbreak of war detailed across the bottom
         of above pages.
        'On This Date' this issue pages 6 and 7 for August. For month of July
         data was on their web page 1 July.
         For month of Sept on Website 1 Sept, Oct in Sept/Oct issue
I would recommend that anyone interested in Canadian Wars purchase a subscription
to Legion Magazine at the reasonable cost of $18.98 + tax for 2 years [12 issues]

Wednesday, August 13, 2014

Walking-Goulbourn-Rideau Canal

13 Aug 2014

War of 1812
  4 Aug 1814  Americans repulsed at Battle of Mackinac
 14 Aug 1814  Schooner 'Nancy' destroyed
 14 Aug 1814 Many British soldier killed when magazine blows up at Fort Erie
 15 Aug 1814 Drummond fails night assault on Fort Erie

  6 Aug 1814 The Canadian Government ratifies the purchase of two
                       subs by British Columbia gov't. The boats are commissioned
                       CC1 and CC2  [Ref; Legion Mag. Special Edition WW1 pg 5]

Tuesday, August 5, 2014

War of 1812

5 Aug 2014
 War of 1812
There is a pause in activities for the next short while. Next will be an attack
on Fort Erie as an attempt is made to move the Americans back across the river.

 Yesterday 4 Aug 2014 is the 100th anniversary of the start of World War 1.
The German Army moved to attack Belgium and the British requested they stop,
which they did not, so Britain declared War. Canada, due to the current situation,
was involved.

Monday, July 28, 2014

War of 1812

28 July 2014

Ref; Where Right and Glory Lead.   Battle of Lundy's Lane
  This battle was mainly fought after sunset on 25 July 1814

Chapter 12, page 195    The Cost and the Accounting
 Casualties compiled by Drummond, 26 Jul 1814
  84 Officers and men killed
  559 wounded
  193 missing and 42 taken prisoner

Report 5 August   1st, 8th and 89 regiments
  510 Officers and Men Killed, Prisoners and Missing
   Ends on page 196

American Casualty figures mostly on page 197

NOTE;  The 100th Regiment did not participate in this battle.

"Perhaps the best assessment of Lundy's Lane and one that applies
  equally to the men of both armies, was Brown's [Major General
  Jacob Jennings, U.S. Army] statement that 'the battle of the 25th,
  it is believed, will find but few parallels. More desperate fighting
  has rarely been known. I  hope the nation [US] will be satisfied
  by our conduct - we have endeavoured to do our duty' "
The above quote is from page 210, the end of the chapter

Friday, July 25, 2014

War of 1812

25 July 1814  Battle of Lundy's Lane
Ref;  'Where Right and Glory Lead'  by Donald E. Graves
'is the story on one of the most hard-fought military actions
in North American history. On a summer evening in July 1814,
within sight of Niagara Falls, 5,000 American, British and
Canadian soldiers struggled desperately in a close-range
battle that raged on into the dark. By morning more than a third
had become casualties. The two armies had fought to the point of
exhaustion, and who won has long been a matter of dispute.
   Lundy's Lane was the bloodiest battle of the War of 1812
and the bloodiest fought on what is now Canadian soil. It was the
high mark of the 1814 Niagara campaign, which was the longest
campaign of the war and the last time that Canada suffered a
major foreign invasion.
   In his analysis of this still-controversial battle. the author
narrates the background and events in precise detail while
providing a thorough examination of the weaponry, tactics
and personalities of the opposing armies. The result is possibly
the most thorough analysis of a musket-period action to appear in print
and will appeal to those interested in the War of 1812, Napoleonic
warfare - and the face of combat.' [Quoted from outside back cover]
This book details a play by play account of the Battle of Lundy's Lane
and I recommend  this as a must read, re War of 1812
The Battle is covered from page 107 to 194
Aftermath page 195 to 256 which deals with the rest of the war.
Appendices start on page 257- Order of Battle and Strength, both Armies
Also deals with the remainder of the war and the fates of some of the men

Monday, July 21, 2014

War of 1812

21 July 2014
Ref;  'Where Right and Glory Lead',  by Donald E. Graves.

This book is specific to Lundy's Lane Battle 25 July 1814 and I have listed
references to the 100th Regiment. They did not participate in this battle
p. 59 March 1814, 100th replaces 8th Reg't at Ft. Niagara
p. 62 100th is one of five Veteran Battalions
p 68 George Hay, LtCol is a 27 year old wounded Veteran with 10 years
        service with the Duke of Wellington. Also called the Marquis of Tweedle
p 77-79 Battle of Chippawa  5 July 1814
p 82 100th, Light Co.[and 1st] turned back the Americans
p 84 100th  [and 1st and 8th] move towards American Camp
p 85  100th beside the Niagara river, next to the 1st
p 86 100th and 1st [900 men] advance towards Scotts brigade
p 88 100th, of 14 Officers only 3 remain unwounded
p 89 Lists injuries to 100th Officers and 1st and100th withdrew
p 90 100th   204 casualties.  Lt. Lyons soldiers 29 of 35 WIA or KIA
         Riall's soldiers 456 casualties or 25%
p 93 100th marches back to a position near Niagara falls on 7 July
p 98  On 13 July 100th and 41st left in Forts

Battle of Lundy's Lane took place on 25 July 1814
  and the 100th did not participate due to the number of
  casualties at Chippawa

Thursday, July 17, 2014

War of 1812 [Battle of Chippawa]

17 July 2014
The book "Red Coats & Grey Jackets" describes the battle in great detail.
ISBN 1-55002-210-5   1994   Battle fought 5 July 1814
Not only that but lists the number of soldiers who participated from
both sides, their cannon etc. as well as fatalities. the book contains 210
pages. Also included are pictures of some soldiers and other items
of interest, the number of which I do not believe are in any other book.
The US Army is referred to as the Left Division and
The British Army and allies are refered to as the Right Division.
Appendix E lists the British Regulars, by Regiment, the Canadian
Militia and Native Warriors Killed at Chippawa
[There are 27 soldiers from 100th Reg't listed]
Those killed in battle are buried on the battlefield

Thursday, July 3, 2014

War of 1812

Chippawa, Battle  5 July 1814.

Ref; Red Coats and Grey Jackets
        The Battle of Chippawa, 5 July 1814  by Donald E. Graves

"On the banks of the Niagara River, a few miles south of the great falls, a battle
  took place on 5 July 1814. For more than three hours on a hot summer afternoon,
  Four thousand American, British, and Canadian soldiers, as well as native warriors
  from many nations, fought in the fields and woods surrounding Canadian
  Samuel Street's prosperous farm.
     When the fighting had ended, more than seven hundred lay dead or wounded.
  Red Coats and Grey Jackets is the story of this battle and the men who fought it"

This is a story about one of the Regiments on the British side who fought in this battle.
The 100th Regiment who in 1818 would settle in Goulbourn Twp. today part of, Ottawa, ON
 the capital of Canada. I am attending the 200th anniversary celebrations of this battle
 this weekend so will make another post next week after returning home.

Saturday, June 28, 2014

World War 1

28 June 1914

So today is the day it all started!
Ref: To-days Ottawa Citizen, 28 June 2014 pg. C3
"On 28 June 1914, Radical Bosnian Serb, Gavrilo Princip, fired the shots that killed
 Austria's Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo." [The spark which led to war]
An accompanying article starts on page C1

Ref; Legion Magazine  July/August 2014 pages 5 and 9 and
        Major feature pages 22 to 30, by Donald E. Graves.
These three articles, especially the feature article, are very important in understanding the events which led to the beginning of the war.
Note. The Legion Magazine should be available at all bookstores and will no doubt
cover the war thru to its end on 11 Nov 1918, and beyond.

Monday, June 16, 2014

War of 1812

16 June 1814
Walking with Joseph
Napoleon is still in Captivity on Elba

Walking with Andrew
18 June 1814. The war has been underway for 2 years to-day.
25 June 2014. Someone has a birthday today.  78 years young. WOW

Walking with Jim
28 June 1914. Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were shot to death by a Serbian
     nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia, setting off a series of events leading to War.
     Ref; Legion Magazine Special Issue on WWI, page 5

Sunday, June 1, 2014

War of 1812

Walking with Joseph
Napoleon is in exile on Island of Elbe until about 1 Mar 1815

Walking with Andrew
2 June 1814  Fort at Prairie du Chien established under General William Clark.
28 June 1814  Major William McKay's expedition leaves Fort Mackinac to capture
      Prairie du Chien

Walking with Jim
29 May 1914
Empress of Ireland is hit by Collier Storstad (carrying a cargo of coal) east of Quebec City.
She sinks in 14 minutes with a loss of 1,012 of the 1477 passengers and crew.
A list of passengers and crew can be found at website
There is an exhibit at the museum of history until 6 April 1815
Ref: Ottawa Citizen page A10, Friday 30 May 2014

Also there is a mine disaster at the Hillcrest mine at Crowsnest Pass, AB
which occurred at 09:30 16 June 1914 in which 189 men were killed
Ref; Canada's History, formerly The Beaver, June-July 2014 page 13

The above two disasters have been all but forgotten due to the start
of WW1 shortly after they occured

Thursday, May 15, 2014

War of 1812

Thursday 15 May 2014

Walking with Joseph
Approx. 9 months [1 March 1815] til Napoleon returns to France

Walking with Andrew
6 May 1814 Commodore Yeo's raid on Oswego, NY
14 May 1814 Campbell's raid into Upper Canada
18 May 1814 Relief expedition to Fort Mackinac arrives
                       under Lt. Col. Robert McDouall
29 May 1814 Skirmish at Sandy Creek

Thursday, April 24, 2014

War of 1812

24 April 2014

Walking with Joseph.
1814, Spring and Summer
Joseph is by now in Belfast area of Ireland.
Details are to be discovered as we move along.

Walking with Andrew.
6 May 1814 British under Henry Drummond burn Fort Oswego  on Lake Ontario.

Friday, April 11, 2014

War of 1812

9 April 2014
Walking with Joseph

In the last post Napoleon was sent to Elba until Jan 1815

Walking with Andrew.
There is not too much activity so I am adding info on a few battles during 1813

Strange Fatality by James Elliott
 - Battle of Stoney Creek  6 July 1813
   Ref; Outside Back cover of the book.
6,000 US Troops aboard 140 vessels stormed ashore near the mouth of the Niagara River and
captured Ft. George from the British. The badly mauled British Army reeled westward. The
fate of Upper Canada hung in the balance.
  Ten days later, in a field near the hamlet of Stoney Creek, the British attacked in a night action
bayonet charge that carried the American Artillery and decapitated the invading Army.
  Stoney Creek was one of the most decisive reversals of military fortune in the War of 1812

This book, as is common with the others, lists details of the battle in a number of Appendices.
  An example is; British order of  Battle and Strength.
   49th Reg't. 8 Companies, 424 men
     8th Reg't  5 Companies, 280 men
         Also mentioned are companies of Local Militia and Native allies
Casualties of both sides are also mentioned in Appendix G and H.

Field of Glory by Donald E. Graves
11 November 1813
 Ref; Outside Back Cover

  In the autumn of 1813, the United States staged the largest military operation of the War of 1812.
Two American armies, one marching north from Lake Champlain throush swamp and forest, the other sailing down the St. Lawrence in a flotilla of three hundred small boats, invaded Canada.
Their objective was the city of Montreal.
This book is the story of this massive offensive and the two Battles,
Chateauguay and Crysler's Farm, that decided the outcome.
Field of Glory is a fascinating panorama of one of the most dramatic periods in
North American History
Appendix A through I are listed. Many soldiers names are mentioned.
Appendix G. The Crysler's Farm and Chateauguay Medals and recipients.
Appendix F. Order of Battle and Strength
49th Reg't 8 companies, 304 men and Grenadier and Light Co's 39 men each
89th Reg't, 5 companies 240 men.
And a few others [pg 362]
Also of interest is mention of Major George Thew Burke pg 367 [also with clasp, Egypt]
who played a very important roll in the 100th/99th Regiments that settled in Richmond/Goulbourn Twp in 1818+

Monday, March 31, 2014

War of 1812

1 April 2014

Walking with Joseph
10 April 1814 Wellington defeats Soult at Toulouse
    - Senior Officers tell Napoleon that they refuse to march
11 April 1814 Napoleon abdicates, Exiled to Elba ( where he remains til 1 Mar. 1815)

Walking with Andrew
4 March 1814 Battle of Longwoods
27 March 1814 Battle of Horseshoe Bend
30 March 1814 General Wilkinson's Army is turned back at LaColle Mill

Little activity for next few months. Plan B

Saturday, March 8, 2014

War of 1812

Saturday, 8 March 2014
21 months on [After a stay in hospital and 6 months recuperating, [not wounded in battle]]

Walking with Joseph - in Europe
4 March 1813 Russians enter Berlin.
16 Mar 1813  Prussia declares war on France.
23 May 1813  Wellington advances into Spain.
12 June 1813  French evacuate Madrid.
21 June  1813 Victorious at Vitoria.
12 August 1813 Austria declares war on France
8 October 1813 Bavaria joins allies in Treaty of Ried
10 November 1813 Battle of Nivelle

11 Jan. 1814 Murat signs separate peace with Allies
1 Feb. 1814 Blucher repels Napoleon.
10-18 Feb 1814 Napoleon wins 4 battles.
13 March 1814 Napoleon victorious at Rheims
31 March 1814 Allies enter Paris
4 April 1814 Marshals demand Napoleon's abdication
6 April 1814 Napoleon abdicates  [goes to island of Elba]
10 April 1814 Wellington defeats Soult at Toulouse
                        End of Napoleon until 1815

Walking with Andrew [May 1813 to Feb. 1814]

1 May 1813 Siege of Ft. Meigs begins [to 2 July 1813]
5 May 1813 Sir James Lucus Yeo arrives at Quebec
27 May 1813 Ft. George captured
6 June 1813 Battle of Stoney Creek
24 June 1813 Battle of Beaver Dams
31 July 1813 Second occupation of York
10 Sept. 1813 Battle of Lake Erie
5 October 1813 Battle of Thamesville
26 October 1813 Battle of Chateauguay
11 November 1813 Battle of Crysler's Farm
10 December 1813 Burning of Newark [Niagara-on-the-Lake]
19 December 1813 Ft. Niagara taken by British in a night Assault
                                   [To winter Quarters til March 1814]

Friday, February 21, 2014

20 Feb. 2014
  I will update this blog shortly
Jim St